Festive Food Fortification: Tips for increasing energy intake over Christmas

Article by: Louise Bennion – Registered Associate Nutritionist currently working in the NHS with a background in obesity and weight management.

Food fortification is the addition of ingredients to food and drinks for those at risk of malnutrition and/or with small appetites to increase its nutritional content without increasing the amount of food which needs to be eaten.

What is the aim of food fortification? Together with 2 – 3 small snacks and milky drinks in between meals to increase nutritional intake by 500 calories per day.

Is fortified food suitable for everyone? No.  It should only be provided for those at medium or high risk of malnutrition according to their BMI and MUST score. Nutritional care must always be person-centred to ensure we are meeting all needs.

Examples of festive food fortification

Food item to be fortified How to fortify

Use 1 or more of the suggested fortifier amounts per portion based on the individual’s preferences and how the fortifiers affect the product’s flavour

Calories added per portion
Milk for use in:

·      Cups of tea/coffee

·      Hot chocolate

·      To drink whole

Add 4 tablespoons of dried, skimmed milk to each pint of full fat (whole) milk 55 per 150ml
Soup Add 1 tablespoon of dried, skimmed milk powder per portion 55
Add 1 tablespoon of ground almonds 60
Add 1 tablespoon of double cream per portion 100
Mashed potato Add 1 tablespoon of dried, skimmed milk powder per portion 55
Add 1 tablespoon of grated cheese per portion 40
Add 1 teaspoon of butter or margarine per portion 37
Cooked vegetables Add 1 tablespoon of grated cheese per portion 40
Add 1 tablespoon of white sauce per portion 45
Add 1 teaspoon of butter or margarine per portion 37
Roast Dinner Add 1 teaspoon of cranberry sauce 30
40g of bread sauce 95
Add 1 tablespoon of dried, skimmed milk powder to gravy per portion 55
Christmas pudding Serve with 2 tablespoons of brandy butter 60
Serve with 1 scoop of vanilla ice cream 207
Serve with 2 tablespoons of double cream per portion 200
Custard Add 1 tablespoon of dried, skimmed milk powder per portion 55
Add 1 tablespoon of evaporated milk per portion 55
Add 1 heaped teaspoon of jam or honey per portion 100
Other snacks to increase energy intake Mini chocolates (E.g., Heroes, Quality Street, Celebrations) 1 mini = 50
40g bag of crisps 219
Mince pie 289
25g of Twiglets 104
2 After Eight Mints 74
25g Mixed nuts
Other drinks to increase energy intake 240ml Hot chocolate 260
156ml Snowball cocktail 149
50ml Irish whiskey 175
250ml Shoer sparkling fruit drinks 53
125ml Mulled wine 89
125ml Bucks Fizz 64

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