How nutrition and genetics can be used in nutrition practice? Focus on heart health (1 CME Point)
Dr. Leta Pilic
In this presentation I will provide an overview of how knowledge of nutrient-gene interactions may be used in prevention or treatment of heart disease. I will start by providing a brief background to the topic explaining the central dogma of molecular biology and how genetic variations may affect our risk of chronic disease and response to nutrients. I will then provide examples of nutrient-gene interactions in context of heart disease and how we can derive personalised dietary recommendations that may be used in practice. I will conclude by highlighting advantages and limitations of using nutrition and genetics in providing personalised recommendations and offer some future perspectives.
- Understand and define key terms in nutrition and genetics (central dogma, nutrigenomics vs. nutrigenetics vs. personalised nutrition)
- Define the concept of nutrient-gene interaction
- Provide examples of gene-diet interactions in heart disease
- Apply this knowledge to be able to provide personalised dietary recommendations (salt and caffeine sensitivity, riboflavin supplementation)
- Understand advantages and limitations of using nutrition and genetics in providing personalised recommendations